• Texas History Announcement

    Posted by Mary Kennedy on 12/14/2018 4:00:00 PM

    Dear Parents and Scholars,

    Good news!  I have received another 70+ late assignments today. 

    Bad news!  I have to grade and enter these assignments and I won't be able to finish before leaving today.  Please check back later this evening or early tomorrow morning to what is still missing.  If they are missing anything, they should attend Saturday school tomorrow with Mr. Wilk to finish.  Once all assignments are in, scholars will receive a grade for their completed Study Guide notebook.

    Please see the attached additional study guide for the CA / Semester Exam.  I will also post it on the website.



    Study Guide for the CA (takes place during exam week)


    Know the major events/battles of the Texas Revolution, their significance, and the order in which they happened:  You don’t have to remember exact dates but you do need to understand them in order for cause and effect.


    Battle at Gonzalez (October 2, 1835) –  Come and Take It! 

    Battle at the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) Texas lost but it inspired the rest of the Texans because

    of their bravery and courage

    Texas Declaration of Independence (March 2, 1836) – officially declares independence from Mexico. Goliad Massacre (after the battle ended) – March 27, 1836, Colonel Fanin delayed moving his troops and

                    got cornered by the Mexican army.  They (Texas) lost the battle and nearly all the prisoners of war

                    were brutally massacred by General Urrea at the command of Santa Anna.  The brutality of Santa

                    Anna began to turn people against him and join the fight for Texan Independence.


    Battle of San Jacinto (April 21, 1836) – Texas wins, marks the end of the Texas Revolution, Santa Anna



    Plan of Iguala - 24 February 1821, Mexico declares independence from Spain.  Basically, it declare that every

                    citizen is now equal, that there will be one ruler but there will be a constitution that the ruler has to abide

                    by, that Mexico will be an independent country, that there will be only 1 religion, Catholicism, no slavery



    When Texas was still part of Mexico, why was it culturally different than people living nearer to Mexico City?

                    They were so far away from the government that many acted as if they were really more like US citizens since they didn’t follow the Mexican constitution (i.e. didn’t practice their religion, didn’t speak Spanish, preferred the rights of the U.S. Constitution, owned slaves).  They were also mainly Anglos who came from the U.S.


    Similarities between the U.S. Constitution and the Texas Constitution. Both have a Bill of Rights with many of the

                    same protections.


    Mexico’s colonization laws – cause and effect

                    Mexico encouraged colonization using the Empresario system.  Anglos came to settle an area that had been sparsely populated and undeveloped.  The Empresarios came because land was much cheaper.  This caused the area of what is now Texas to grow in population.




    Government structure of the U.S. and Texas.  Know and understand the 5 Principles of Government that guides the structure of both the U.S. and Texas. Popular Sovereignty, Limited Government, Separation of Powers, Federalism, Checks and Balances.


    Popular Sovereignty = the Rule by the People – This means that we can vote (republicanism) for our president, governor, senators, and representatives.  The idea is that WE THE PEOPLE tell the government what it can and cannot do, not the other way around.  The government has power because we give it to it – no kings here to boss us around!  We can vote people into office and we can vote them out (not the U.S. Supreme Court though). 

                    Limited government – the government only has as much power as we, the people, give it. 

    Separation of Powers:  The three branches have separate powers, which keeps any one of them from

     having too much power.

    Checks and Balances – each of the 3 branches keeps the others in check and balances the power.  (Remember to keep the JELLO on the plate or it will make a mess!)

                    JEL:         Judicial = Supreme Court / power to interpret the laws

    Executive = President, Governor / enforces the law, veto power, commands the millitary

    Legislative = Senate + House of Representatives / makes & passes laws, can override a veto, power to impeach

                    Federalism – some powers are granted to the U.S. (federal) government and other powers are granted to the states.  The state has to follow the U.S. Constitution though.  For example, each state has the power to run its own school system not the federal government but it still must respect the rights guaranteed in the Constitution and any other laws they have passed.  Remember what I said in class: We are the UNITED STATES of America  - the idea is that we are a group of states that JOINED TOGETHER and act TOGETHER as a country (but we still kept some power for ourselves at the state level).  For example, the State has the right to decide how to run their school system, cities in Texas get to decide how they will run their own city (get to run their own police departments, determine city codes, name streets, etc.)



    The Bill of Rights – contained in the U.S. and Texas Constitutions – these protect our individual rights and liberties


    Challenges faced by the newly formed Texas Republic:  debt, lack of recognition by other established countries,

                    threat of takeover by Mexico


    Annexation of Texas

                    Reasons against:  slavery, debt, threat of war with Mexico

                    Reasons for:  military protection from the U.S., Mexico less likely to attack, no more border between the

                                    U.S. and Texas, so now Texans can travel freely throughout the U.S.  Texas stood to gain a

                                    monetary (money) and postal system.




    Federal vs State vs Local Governments  / hierarchy









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  • Spanish 1B

    Posted by Mireida Rubayo on 12/13/2018

    Estimados padres,

    It is hard to beleive that quarter 2 is almost over. It has been a great ride working with your child. The last part of this quarter is the Spanish CA. We have been reviewing for a week and going over questions and answers. 

    All students have received a study guide for chapter 6 La casa. I encourage all students to review and go over class notes.

    I know everyone will do great!!

    Enjoy your holiday break!!

    Sra. Rubayo

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  • 7th grade math

    Posted by Sandi Copelin on 12/13/2018

    Congratualtions to 2B for winning the class competition this quarter.  Good job!

    We have been busy reviewing for the CA in all classes this week  I also sent home IXL lessons for the scholars to practice.  I have noticed that scholars are working on IXL lessons that they feel confident with instead of practicing with the lessons that cause them struggles.  The purpose of IXL is to get extra practice in difficulut topics for them.

    Pre-Algebra/Algebra;  we have been preparing for our research project by researching topics for our RPA 1-3.  When we return from winter break, we will be starting our research paper.  We will devote 2 full class periods to research in the classroom, the rest of the research and final paper will be completed at home.  The paper will be due on February 26th and 27th.  We do need old magazines for our research.  Please send in magazines for the classes to use.  We will not be cutting them, we are just using for reference.  So, you will be able to have them back.

    Have a great winter break.


    Sandi Copelin


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  • Texas History / Kennedy

    Posted by Mary Kennedy on 12/7/2018 4:00:00 PM

    Texas History – this week the scholars have been working on their “Amendments in Action” presentation (all done in class – they are free to make improvements over the weekend if needed).  On Tuesday and Wednesday, they will get the chance to present their amendment photo to the class.  We’ve spent quite a bit of time going over the structure of government, the U.S. and Texas Constitutions, with special attention paid to the Bill of Rights found in both.  They have been well-prepared for the Constructed Response and should do just fine with just a quick review at this point.  (See the previous note for tips.)  The Multiple Choice section will take place during exam week during their regularly scheduled class period.    If they have completed the readings and the interactive study guide materials, they should be well-prepared with easy to use study material.  Scholars should review all study guides for this quarter and quiz themselves.  We will use the remaining class days to clear up any misconceptions and to review.  The CA Multiple Choice will take the place of the semester exam.   

    Have a nice weekend – try to stay dry and warm!

    Comments (-1)
  • Spanish 1B

    Posted by Mireida Rubayo on 12/7/2018

    Estimados padres,

    This week we finished we our Unit La casa. Students are ready to review for CA2. I have handed them a review sheet with all vocabualry and grammar for this unit. 

    Next Tuesday December 11th at 4pm room 111., .I will be having a retake session for Visual and Writing assessment. If your child scored less than a 69 they are more than welcome to come and retake. 

    Buen Fin de semana.

    M. Rubayo

    Comments (-1)
  • Technology - End of Semester

    Posted by Karen Edwards on 12/7/2018

    Don't forget Technology is a semster class and we are quicly widing down the semester. Look for a study guide next week as there is a final in Technology.

    Comments (-1)
  • Art 7th grade

    Posted by Candace Denney on 12/6/2018 1:00:00 PM

    7th grade art scholars have been working on their Dream Catchers. They have finished the spirit animals in base relief, and are almost through with the clay beads. When they are fully dried, we will fire them in the kiln and then paint the bisqueware. Finally, we will put them together with yarn and feathers, to hang beside their beds and chase away bad dreams.....according to Native America folklore.

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  • Texas History Announcement

    Posted by Mary Kennedy on 12/4/2018 2:00:00 PM

    Today in class, I checked all assignments that were to be completed by 12/3 (A day) and will do the same for everything due by 12/4 for B day.  Most scholars had their work complete but others will need to play catch up at home today and tomorrow.  All classes were reminded in class last Thursday and Friday that they needed to make sure that they were following the syllabus due dates and to use the weekend if needed to get caught up.  Some did not heed the reminder.  Please check with your scholar to see if all assignments are in. 

    The CA Constructed Response (written essay) will take place on Monday, December 10 and Tuesday, December 11.  The essay will cover the following ideas and concepts:

    Popular Sovereignty – Rule by the People / Government come from the people

    Limited Government – The government has only the powers that we, the people give it

    Separation of Powers - JEL (Judicial, Executive, Legislative Branches) Judicial = Supreme Court, Executive = the president, Legislative = Congress (Senators & Representatives). 

    The System of Checks and Balances – each of the 3 branches uses the powers unique to it in order to balance and keep the other two in check.  (Supreme Court checks for Constitutionality of laws, the President can veto laws, Congress can pass laws and impeach the president)

    Federalism - These three branches have powers that belong to them and anything that does not belong to them are given to the state to handle.  The state cannot pass any laws that contradict federal law (that is, the ones passed by Congress, for example). 

    Similarity between the US Constitution Bill of Rights (1st 10 Amendments) and the Texas Bill of Rights.  Both are very similar with the Texas Constitution having been based on the U. S. Constitution. 

    Individual Rights and Protections – with examples from today.  For this look at the Bill of Rights pages in your Interactive Notebook (pp 58 – 61) and find evidence from today that show us having these rights:  the right to a fair trial, no unlawful search and seizures, the right to bear arms, the right to assemble (protest peacefully), freedom of the press (newspapers, online blogs, You Tube, etc.), Be prepared to use examples in your essay if asked for. 


    Additional questions for the Study Guides  Please use these to complete your study guides in your interactive notebook. 

    Texas Government (Study Guide 160 – 161):  In the remaining two squares, list two facts about county governments and two facts about municipal governments (4 facts total).


    Citizenship (Study Guide 177 – 178):  In the remaining two squares, list 1 thing in each square that you are already doing or plan to do to become a better citizen. 


    Cultures (Study Guide 197 – 198):  In the remaining squares:  1st one – describe the historical importance of Cinco de Mayo, 2nd one – describe the historical importance of Oktoberfest.


    Economy (Study Guide 208 – 209):  In one of the remaining squares, describe how public schools in Texas are funded.  In the other square, explain how a bond election works. 


    Early Economy in Texas (Study Guide 235 – 236):  Give one example in each square (2 total) of the effect Spanish missionaries had on the economy of early Native Americans in Texas. 



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  • Kennedy Notes 11/16

    Posted by Mary Kennedy on 11/16/2018

    Dear Parents and Scholars,


    I have updated all grades for everything that I have received through today.  If you notice a discrepancy, please come see me with your notebook in hand.  I will still accept all late work - so please get caught up over the break.  Today and yesterday in class, the following 3 assignments were to be completed:  The Constitution Vocabulary, The Constitution Study Guide.  In class time (i.e. classwork), the following were to be completed 11/15, 11/16:  The Principles of Government, The Bill of Rights Vocabulary, The Bill of Rights Study Guide.  Other than these, which should already be finished, there should be no homework over the weekend. 

    I wish you all a restful break.  Stay healthy and safe!

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  • Note from Mrs. Kennedy

    Posted by Mary Kennedy on 11/9/2018 4:45:00 PM

    Dear Parents,

    I've received (very happily) quite a bit of late work that I will be grading and entering over the weekend.  Please check PowerSchool over the weekend to see which assignments are still outstanding.  I am still accepting late work through the end of next week for up to 70%.  Have you received the extra credit for the signed syllabus yet?  You should see two dashes which will be changed to a 100 at the end of the grading period.  We have moved from the Mexican National Era, through the Revolution and Republic Era to the Early Statehood Era.  What's next?  Well, the classes have gotten a preview into where we are headed - more strife and a civil war ... at least we know that we are going to come out on the other side as a nation that will need to be rebuilt yet one that will be stronger.  Stay tuned!

    A final note, we are starting to build a 7th grade site on the northhillsprep.org site.  It is located under the faculty pages as 7th Grade.  We are trying to catch up to the lovely 6th grade team ... key word, trying.  Teachers will begin posting their weekly newsletters there instead of how we did it in the past.  We would love to have your input as to what you would like to see.  There are some limitations but we'll try to find a way to give you, the parents and scholars, what you need most from the 7th grade team.  We just started this week so bear with us as we get up to speed.  The 6th grade team set a high bar!

    Have a nice weekend and enjoy the cooler weather.


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